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Type 1 diabetes

Disease information

A common chronic metabolic disorder is type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), which accounts for 5-10 percent of all diabetes diagnoses (Daneman, 2006). This disease is characterized by the loss of pancreatic β-cells, culminating in deficient insulin production (Li, Huang, & Gao, 2017).

According to the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) approximately 425 million people are affected, and its incidence continues to increase worldwide. Various factors are involved in the development of T1DM such as genome, diet and gut microbiome (Han et al., 2018). Of these factors, gut microbiota has been shown to influence the development of T1DM. Studies in humans suggest that individuals have a decrease in microbiota diversity and intestinal dysbiosis which is characterized by a loss of beneficial organisms. However, the exact mechanism that causes these alterations in the gut microbiota remains to be elucidated (Tai, Wong, & Wen, 2015).

References

Daneman D. 2006. Type 1 diabetes. Lancet.
PubMed: 16530579  DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)68341-4

Li W et al, 2017. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Cognitive Impairments: A Systematic Review. J Alzheimers Dis.
PubMed: 28222533  DOI: 10.3233/JAD-161250

Han H et al, 2018. Gut Microbiota and Type 1 Diabetes. Int J Mol Sci.
PubMed: 29584630  DOI: 10.3390/ijms19040995

Tai N et al, 2015. The role of gut microbiota in the development of type 1, type 2 diabetes mellitus and obesity. Rev Endocr Metab Disord.
PubMed: 25619480  DOI: 10.1007/s11154-015-9309-0

Demographics

Total samples: 28
Females: 13
Males: 7
Gender N/A: 8
Age: 23.5 (2-62)
BMI: 25.2 (14.0-38.5)

Species association

Enriched in 4 species
Depleted in 0 species

Cohorts

hgma21 - Type-1 diabetes - Finland

hgma35 - Type-1 diabetes - Luxembourg

Relative abundance

Phylum
Family
Genus

Richness overview

Gene

Species

Richness overview (per cohort)

Gene

Species